What is ORGANIC ?

Mis à jour : 19 août 2020

In this article created in collaboration with Lucie, whose titles are:

  1. Organic in a few words

  2. What changes in an organic product?

  3. What is changing for the planet?

  4. What changes for me?

  5. Some key figures

  6. Conclusion

  7. Reflection

In just 4 minutes ... let's get started !

Why Hebdo Ecolo is interested and does a chapter on BIO? Three reasons!

1. Organic in a few words

Biological agriculture definition by IFOAM

"Organic Agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems, and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic Agriculture combines tradition, innovation, and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and good quality of life for all involved."

2. What changes in an organic product?

  • Growth hormones and hormones to fatten animals ❌

  • Chemical and synthetic fertilizers ❌

  • GMO products ❌

  • Chemical colorant, additives or artificial flavors. No chemical preservatives ❌

  • Manual or mechanical, non-chemical weed control

  • Compost is used as natural fertilizer 🌍

  • The multiannual crop rotation to preserve and increase the fertility and biological activity of the soil, ensuring consistent use of the soil's nutrient resources 🥦🍅🥕🥒

  • An ORGANIC fish 🐟 grows in its natural environment or in a pond. 3 times less fish than conventional farming.

  • Battery Animal and hydroponics cultivation is prohibited. For example: no raising of caged hens 🐔

  • An animal must have access to the open air with sufficient space ☀

  • Diseases are treated immediately to avoid suffering to the animal 🤒

  • If an animal receives more than three treatments based on veterinary medicinal products including antibiotics over a period of one year, neither the animals concerned nor the products obtained from these animals are sold as organic products 🚨

  • Force-feeding of animals and fish is prohibited 🤢

3. What is changing for the planet?

  • Conservation of healthy and fertile soil 🌱

  • The animal grows and lives in better conditions

  • More space to live, better nourished, cared for and considered

  • Agriculture respects nature and lets biodiversity, ecosystems live

  • Food for the organic consumer requires -23% of agricultural land 🚜

  • -26% of energy consumed for production ⚡

  • -37% greenhouse gas emissions compared to the conventional consumer. Rivers, seas 🌊 and groundwater 💧 see their quality improve and fish 🐟 less intoxicated ☠

Nature is beautiful, let's take care 😃

4. What changes for me?

  • Exposure to synthetic pesticide residues is lower for organic consumers, between -23 and -100%

  • - 40% exposure to chemical contaminants

  • Risk reduction for cancer and breast cancer = living healthy

  • Metabolism is not disturbed (no growth hormones)

  • More taste, more vitamins and more minerals

Blue - Conventional consumer / Red - Organic consumer

  • Breathe less polluted air for you, farmers, animals ...

  • Organic creates almost twice more jobs as conventional farming

5. Key figures 🚨

  • Globally, almost 50% of antibiotics on the market are used for animal husbandry ... therefore indirectly ingested by humans?

  • The country's organic agricultural area represents 22% for Austria, more than 8% for Germany and Spain, less than 7% for France and 3% for England.

Austria is the EU country which devotes its largest share of agricultural area to organic cultivation

  • At the same time, Spain and France are the first consumers of pesticides in Europe on non-organic land.

  • The Netherlands thus makes an extremely intensive use of pesticides, to compensate for a weak sunning. Grow many fruits and vegetables with phytosanitary products.

  • This is particularly the case for tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, grown hydroponics, in greenhouses, which make the Netherlands the second largest exporter of agricultural products in the world!

  • Organic is € 11.9 billion in turnover in 2019

  • In 2019, the value of purchases of food products from organic farming increased by 1.4 billion euros, i.e. growth of + 13.5% compared to 2018

  • Over 6% of household food consumption is devoted to organic products.

6. Conclusion

Organic farming is not perfect - besides that who is it? 😃 - but above all it is an alternative that is so much more respectful of the environment, animals and Humanity. When we know that Biodiversity 🐞🐛🦋 (butterfly, bee, ladybug ...) has decreased by 78% and that the main factor is our agriculture with the use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers ... How can we not think about it now that we know it? Consuming a product from organic farming brings together a multitude of positive aspects, explained in this article. ✅ And the price? also positive! In some cases, you will have to pay more, it's true ... and by buying ORGANIC you also save lives even if they could be insignificant in your eyes, these lives are so important for the survival of our planet. 🌍

7. Reflection 🤓

And if, on a non-organic product, there would be a red label, implying: Pesticide, GMO, chemical fertilizers, soil destruction, increased risk of cancer ... would you buy it?

If an organic animal cannot be sold with the label because it has undergone more than 3 antibiotic treatments over a period of one year ... then what is the quality (harmfulness?) Of the meat / fish we eat out organic label and treated daily with antibiotics?

Please 🙏 share if you liked the article

With the help of Lucie and written by Mathieu de Hebdo Ecolo 🌱 Hebdo Ecolo Instagram Link In the same category: Article 2 on organic labels Article 3 on local consumption not organic vs imported but organic.

Sources : Etat des lieux et perspectives / Fondation Nicolas Hulot / Réseau action climat / Simply science / Grand Panier BIO / Libération / IFOAM / Solagro / Arte / Bio consom'acteur / Generation Futures / La référence Bio / Planète science / Actu environnement / Noctea /


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